Lifestyle Diseases of importance, related to noncommunicable diseases
The World Health Organization has set out a plan to tackle non-communicable diseases like heart disease, which now pose a greater global burden than infectious diseases. "Lifestyle-related" diseases are now the leading cause of death worldwide, killing 36 million people a year.
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
- Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill more than 36 million people each year.
- Nearly 80% of NCD deaths - 29 million - occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- More than nine million of all deaths attributed to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) occur before the age of 60; 90% of these "premature" deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.
- Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17 million people annually, followed by cancers (7.6 million), respiratory diseases (4.2 million), and diabetes (1.3 million).
- These four groups of diseases account for around 80% of all NCD deaths.
- They share four risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.
In a major shift in the disease pattern, it has been found that the lifestyle diseases like diabetes and hypertension are killing more Indians than any communicable diseases.
The findings made by the World Health Organization (WHO) also pointed out that out of 10 deaths in India, eight are due to non-communicable disease (NCDs).
The latest statistics from the health ministry shows that the lifestyle diseases are rampant in Bangalore and Chennai. In Bangalore, 14 per cent and 21 per cent people are suffering from diabetes and high blood pressure.
In Chennai, out of 3 lakh tested, 50,000 found to be diabetic and another 60,000 hypertensive.
In wake of the increasing number of deaths due to NCDs, the Central Government is all set to introduce a comprehensive national programme to prevent and control non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and stroke is proposed to be rolled out during the 12th Plan period covering all 640 districts of the country.
The programme will focus on health promotion, prevention of exposure to risk factors, early diagnosis, treatment of common non-communicable diseases and rehabilitation services.
Lifestyle diseases covered in Arogya web portal:
- Metabolic Syndrome
- Heart Disease
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Chronic Low back pain
- Allergy and Asthma